president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Bai Chunli introduced at the conference,“take the lead in action”plan, the first stage of the science and technology output target task successfully completed, the output of a large number of major achievements.
On the 16th, the state new office held a press conference on the progress of the implementation of the first phase of the“take the lead”Plan of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.Bai Chunli, president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, introduced the progress of the implementation of the first phase of the“take the lead”Plan of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and answered the reporter’s question.
Quantum Information,China’s Sky Eye……“take the lead”plan to achieve these major results
Data map: Chinese Academy of Sciences“explore No. 1”ship left Sanya Yazhou Bay science and technology City Nanshan port pier. Luo Yunfei photo
In response to the first stage of the“take the lead”plan has made a lot of major results, specifically in what areas have made what representative, iconic results, Bai Chunli pointed out that in six years the Academy of Sciences to give full play to the comprehensive advantages of multidisciplinary, institutionalized, the majority of scientific and technological personnel to overcome difficulties, climb the peak,“take the lead”Plan, the first stage of the science and technology output target task successfully completed, the output of a large number of major achievements.
Bai Chunli said that in terms of quantum information and condensed matter physics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences in the international level reached a parallel leader.In the first stage of the “take the lead” Plan,the first in the international community to achieve a thousand kilometers of quantum entanglement star-Earth key distribution,from the satellite to the ground two-way quantum entanglement distribution, this is the first time in the world, also did a non-localized test of quantum mechanics.
The Chinese Academy of Sciences also set a world record for the distribution of fiber quantum keys over 500 km.This stage for the first time to achieve intercontinental quantum communication, through quantum key transmission.Bai Chunli said that the Chinese Academy of Sciences quantum information basic research and integrated applications in the international leading position.
In addition,the Chinese Academy of Sciences Physics where the solid for the first time found the outer fermion, the result was selected in the American Physics Society in 2018 out of a collection of papers, this collection of the world in the field of physics that has a major breakthrough in the results, the Chinese Academy of Sciences found the outer fermion
In terms of fermions, the Chinese Academy of Sciences also has a series of new work on triple degenerate fermions, etc.The Chinese Academy of Sciences discovered the mayorana bound state in iron-based superconductors for the first time in the world.Therefore, the Chinese Academy of Sciences Physics research into the world’s first phalanx, in many ways in the lead.
Bai Chunli pointed out that the Chinese Academy of Sciences in deep space and deep sea some strategic areas to seize the commanding heights.The Academy of Sciences has issued six scientific satellites,such as Mozi, quantum communication experimental satellite,“Wukong”dark matter particle experimental satellite, do the world’s first dark matter detection.
The Chinese Academy of Sciences launched the “practice No. 10“return science satellite, as well as the”eye“hard X-ray telescope satellite, also launched the”carbon satellite”, that is, to monitor carbon emissions.In addition, the launch of China’s first“Taiji-1”satellite to detect gravitational waves, six scientific test satellites basically formed the ability of the Chinese Academy of Sciences space science satellite systematization, but also occupy a strong position in the field of International Space Science, caused a strong response abroad.
The Academy of Sciences fully participated in the construction of the Beidou satellite navigation system, Beidou No. 3 satellite, currently in the sky there are 12 is completed by the Academy of Sciences.The Academy of Sciences led the Space Application System responsible for manned space engineering, the Space Application system inside the scientific goal of manned space, completed the development of hundreds of sets of payloads.
The Academy of Sciences also undertook the ground application engineering of lunar exploration engineering tasks, providing important support for orbit measurement.Academy of Sciences is also responsible for subsystem research, Chang’e four probe safe landing,but also provides a very important technical support,in addition to the above payload,the lander also requires special materials to solve the uneven surface of the moon and resistance to very low temperatures, this material is developed by the Academy of Sciences, is unique.Academy of Sciences in a number of national major scientific and technological tasks, plays a leading role in the backbone.
In terms of sea-related aspects, the Academy of Sciences has successfully developed the“sea wing”,“Qianlong”,“exploration”,“sea bucket”,“starfish”as the representative of the lineage of deep-sea unmanned equipment, sea-deep autonomous remote control submersible.”Sea bucket one” reached the Mariana Trench, the depth of the dive reached 10,907 meters, which is the deepest place.In the seabed to achieve the seabed independent detection, sampling integration, this lineage of deep-sea equipment to lead the Chinese ocean to better enter the era of 10,000 meters.A manned 10,000-meter deep dive maritime mission is now under way.
Bai Chunli also pointed out that the Chinese Academy of Sciences has provided important strategic support for economic and social development.For example, with an annual output of 4 million tons of coal-to-oil project successfully put into operation, which is the world’s largest single set of coal liquefaction plant.The third generation of methanol to light olefins(DMTO), the successful commercial application of this technology, coal to Olefins Technology has formed a billion-scale strategic emerging industries.
The Chinese Academy of Sciences has also developed a total of 44 new varieties of design, such as“Zhongke fat”,“Jiayou Zhongke”and“Zhongke No. 5”.A number of high-quality new varieties of high-yield crops large-scale promotion and use, in the last three years, these new varieties have been promoted in the country more than 30 million acres, to solve the food security to provide a strong scientific and technological support.For example, in the past six years, the Chinese Academy of Sciences has incubated and nurtured Zhongke Shuguang, guodun quantum,“Cambrian”and other 18 listed companies, to support the development of strategic emerging industries has made an important contribution.
In addition, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is also responsible for a large number of large scientific devices, such as the Chinese eye in Guizhou, 500 caliber radio astronomy telescope(FAST).Chief scientist Nan Rendong is also a model of the Times, China Sky Eye has an important influence in the international community.The Chinese Academy of Sciences also built China’s first Splinter Neutron Source in Dongguan, Guangdong, and a large number of national major scientific and technological infrastructure has become a landmark achievement in the construction of innovative countries.
Bai Chunli stressed that for six years, General Secretary Xi Jinping in the annual New Year’s message mentioned some scientific and technological innovation, a total of 22 major scientific and technological achievements.Of these 22, 14 have been led by the Chinese Academy of Sciences or have made important contributions.In the past six years, a total of seven National Natural Science first prize, the Academy of Sciences as the first person to complete won three, as the main person to complete won one, accounting for 57% of the total number of people in the country.In the international ranking of the natural index,the Chinese Academy of Sciences ranked first in the world, occupying the top spot for 8 consecutive years.In the annual China’s top ten scientific and technological progress selected by both houses,the Academy of Sciences as the first person to complete and complete a total of 32 units, accounting for 53% of all.
In addition, the transfer and transformation of scientific and technological achievements of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, in the past six years, social enterprises to achieve a total of 2435 billion yuan in sales revenue, new profits and taxes also totaled 298.3 billion yuan.Over the past six years, through the implementation of the first phase of the“take the lead”Plan, the Academy of Sciences has contributed to three aspects: international frontiers, major national needs and Economic main battlefields.